Serigraphy, also known as silk screening, screen printing or serigraph printing, is a stencil-based printing process in which ink is forced through a fine screen onto the paper beneath. Screens were originally made of silk, but they are now made of finely woven polyester or nylon.
The screen is stretched over a wood or aluminum frame, then areas of the screen are blocked off with a stencil (a negative of the image). The screen is then placed on top of paper, and ink is placed on the screen. A rubber-bladed squeegee is used to spread the ink evenly across the screen, allowing ink to pass through the open spaces onto the paper below.
A different screen is used for each colour in the print, resulting in a final serigraph with great colour density, colour saturation and texture.
No. Serigraphs are original art. Unlike reproduction prints, which are merely a colour picture of an existing artwork, serigraphs require the involvement of two artists: the original artist and the printer.
Although automated serigraph machines do exist, the printer we work with creates serigraphs entirely by hand. He’s a master at his craft, matching the colour of the original exactly, cutting the stencils and manually applying the colour evenly.
Once the serigraphs are completed, each one is individually inspected by the original artist, then signed, titled and numbered. With limited edition serigraphs, the artist also destroys all trial copies and stencils, guaranteeing a one-time printing of a specific number of pieces.
Here is the link to the beautiful website of ELSE where this sumptuous book was made - ELSE EDIZIONI